RESEARCH: DOGS PROTECT CHILDREN FROM DEVELOPMENT OF OBESITY AND ALLERGIES
Sometimes the reluctance to get animals in the house where young children live is due to the fear of possible diseases. Many parents respond categorically to all the cries of the unfortunate child regarding the purchase of a puppy. The motive of adults is not even in the problems of caring for animals (walking, feeding, training, etc.), but in fear of possible diseases that are transmitted from dogs to people. Ailments that threaten adults and especially children are echinococcosis, leptospirosis, toxoplasmosis, rabies, ringworm and others. But is everything so scary if you pass regular examinations with a veterinarian with a tailed pet?
According to Canadian scientists at Edmonton University who conducted research in 746 Canadian families, dogs can protect children from diseases such as allergies and even obesity. In addition, dog owners have a higher level of immunity. In half of the families with children there was not a single animal (not only at the time of the birth of the child, but even during the pregnancy of the mother). The other part of the experiment participants owned at least 1 dog (and often several).
Scientists came to the conclusion regarding the action of dogs on immunity and metabolism as follows: during the development of a child who has reached the age of 1 month of life, intestinal microflora are formed. It is believed that it is the large and small intestines that are the main organs responsible for the level of body immunity. According to Canadian scientists, if sterile conditions are created in a family where babies live at the same time, this can negatively affect the state of the immune system. The level of disease resistance will be significantly lower precisely where a significant amount of attention is paid to cleanliness. That is why biologists increasingly began to urge parents not to hide the child from all the microbes that come in its way. Games in the yard sandbox, dirty hands while eating can, oddly enough, help the child harden the body’s defenses. But what kind of mother can calmly watch her child, who has rolled on a swing, pulls his hands in his mouth? Therefore, you can combine business with pleasure, giving the baby the opportunity to play with the dog. True, today it is not known for certain how exactly bacteria from an animal pass to a person – through wool, saliva, and touching the skin.
In the same families where at least one dog lived, the bacteria Ruminococcus and Oscillospira, which passed from animals to infants, were detected in children. The first of them are responsible for reducing the hypersensitivity of the immune system to antigens (food, household, drug, helminth, etc.). That is, in a child in whose intestinal microflora Ruminococcus bacteria are present, the risk of suffering from allergies is significantly lower. Another type of bacteria (Oscillospira) helps to prevent the deposition of adipose tissue, leading to the accumulation of excess weight in children. In other words, dogs are not only not harmful to the baby’s well-being, but, on the contrary, are even useful. Provided that a lot of attention will be paid to the dog’s health. Moreover, it is desirable that the child communicate with the domestic dog, but it is better to protect the baby from friendship with yard or stray animals.
By the way, protecting a child from obesity is caused not only by the transition of “canine” bacteria to humans. Any puppy, and sometimes even an adult, likes to play. Children are happy to race with animals racing, go for walks, play ball. The movement also prevents the deposition of fat masses.
In addition to protecting against allergies and obesity, the bacteria Ruminococcus and Oscillospira can prevent the development of pneumonia and cholera – terrible diseases that can take the baby’s life or affect the quality of his life.
What are the risks of obesity and allergies?
So, the opinion of Canadian biologists is now known to us. Is it worth relying on him to make a decision in favor of buying a dog? Consider the picture that threatens a child with increased body weight:
With obesity, diseases of the cardiovascular system develop (heart failure, high blood pressure, angina pectoris, etc.);
A large weight is detrimental to the digestive system (pancreatitis, cholecystitis, hepatosis of the liver, etc.);
Excess adipose tissue negatively affects the condition of bones and joints (destruction of cartilage, flat feet, etc.);
Extra kilos lead to a lack of insulin (type 2 diabetes);
Overweight from an early age leads in the future to depression, a tendency to various disorders (anorexia, bulimia).
Another ailment that dogs can prevent is allergies. According to WHO, a third of all the inhabitants of the Earth suffer from it. And the danger of this condition does not lie in the redness of the eyes, coughing or lacrimation. An allergy can lead to such terrible consequences as:
Chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma;
The above complications of allergies and obesity are truly impressive. Is it worth it to get a dog – adults decide.