HOW TO DETERMINE THE DOG’S AGE
To know for sure when to do a doggie vaccination, or at what age it is necessary to carry out castration (sterilization), the owner needs to know the age of his animal. It is enough for the owner of a thoroughbred puppy to look in the veterinary passport of the animal to find out the exact date of birth of the pet. What is there, day, month and year of birth, will be prompted by the breeder, who transferred his four-legged ward to the new owner if the dog’s documents are suddenly lost.
But what about owners of outbred animals whose age is unknown? In our article we will try to figure out how to determine the age of the dog, based on the behavior of the pet and its exterior.
Determine the approximate age of the puppy
To begin with, we’ll agree that it’s only possible to find out the puppy’s age. Since, say, two peer dogs can look and behave in completely different ways. One of them, for example, can open its eyes already on the 9-10th day of life, and the second may be blind and on the 20th day after birth. However, our task is to find out not the exact age of the baby-kitten, but approximate. To determine the age of the puppy, you should pay attention to the following:
Yorkshire Terrier puppy
Photo: Yorkshire Terrier puppy | Dreamstime.com
Presence / absence of the umbilical cord – if the cord connecting the baby with the mother dog looks completely “fresh” (ie, wet, sticky), then the puppy should be no more than 1 day old. The umbilical cord looks slightly dried up for 2 days, and by 3 it, as a rule, is already detached from the tummy of a small dog. That is, the umbilical cord signals that the puppy is newborn;
Eyes – if the baby puppy is completely blind, then he is no more than 10-20 days. If the eyes are not ajar, the animal is no more than 1 month old. By the way, it is worth looking at the color of the eye. If it is cloudy, gray-blue, then the baby, most likely, is not yet 1 month old. Clear eyes of any shades of brown (less often blue) are a sign that the dog is more than 1 month old. It is important to pay attention to the expression of the eyes. Does the animal look with curiosity and cunning? So, he is at least 2.5-3 months old;
Ears – puppies younger than a crescent have soft ears, pressed to the head. At about 1-1.5 months, the ears begin to rise slightly. The ears of puppies older than 3-4 months become confidently upright, although in some dogs this occurs in 2-2.5 months;
Teeth – all newborn toothless puppies up to the crescent. In 2-3 weeks, the first white teeth erupt in dogs (fangs first climb: two fangs from above and two from below). If the dog has the entire set of milk teeth (28 pieces), then her age is about 3.5-4 months. And if a dog’s milk teeth fall out, then it’s about 4.5-6 months. When an animal has all teeth molars (there are 42 of them), then the age is 10-12 months. By the way, to distinguish milk teeth from molars is simple: they are small, there are large distances between them. While the molars stand tight, next to each other, their size is relatively large;
Coat – puppies under 4-6 months old have a fur coat with a thin and soft coat. By about six months or a little earlier, the first molt begins, when instead of puppy hairs, thicker, stiffer hairs appear;
Movement and behavior – if the animal is constantly near the mother (sleeping, eating), then he is no more than 2 weeks old. By the month the dogs begin to move more. They walk, wag their tail, examine everything around, though without much interest. Already at 2.5-3 months, the puppy begins to run, skkod, looks at people with interest. At this age, kids can be taught the first simple commands. By the age of 4 months, certain character traits are already clearly visible in dogs (for example, stubbornness, seriousness, “barkiness”, etc.). Kids actively run, bite during games, happily run after the toy. At 6 months, puberty can begin in small breeds, while large dogs mature by at least 8-10 months. Dogs at this age begin to write in an adult, are interested in bitches. Dog girls may have estrus, they become restless, strive to escape from the care of the owner;
Barking – all the kids are individual, but you can learn something about age and the ability to cast a voice. If a doggie is flooded with sonorous barking, or at least occasionally barks, then he is most likely already more than 1.5-2 months old. It is believed that from this age young growth begins to copy the behavior of adult dogs.
How to understand how old an adult dog is
We tried to figure out how to determine the puppy’s age. What about an adult dog? Here, too, there are some subtleties that will let you know how many years the dog has lived around in the world:
Photo: Adult Labrador Dog | Dreamstime.com
Teeth – The easiest way to determine the age of a dog is by teeth. In short, the better the condition of the teeth (white enamel, full-tooth, tooth failure, etc.), the younger the dog. If you examine the teeth carefully, then you can come to these conclusions:
In dogs aged 1-2 years, the teeth are unstable, without tartar and caries, white.