Saint Bernard – History, Care, Character
You like the St. Bernard breed, now let’s talk a little about them.
The ancestors of the St. Bernards are large and hardy dogs that lived in the monastery of St. Bernard in the Swiss Alps in the XI century. Here, high in the mountains, these animals helped save people – they dug up a man and lay down next to him, warming his body. Then, when the person came to, the dog helped the traveler up and led to the monastery.
Saint Bernard breed
The Monastery of Saint Bernard was in the area of the great Saint Bernard Pass, which subsequently gave its name to these dogs. According to historical data, St. Bernards helped to find and save more than two thousand people.
In the XIX century, St. Bernards were so small that it was necessary to revive the breed literally bit by bit. It is believed that the ancestors of St. Bernard were the ancient Molossian dogs and the Pyrenees mastiff.
The appearance of the breed St. Bernard
The Saint Bernard breed is a very large dog. Its height reaches 70-90 cm at the withers and weighs 65-90 kg, more than many people. St. Bernards are massive and they have a very powerful square case.
Head – broad, muzzle short and slightly upturned nose. Ears are rounded and hanging. The tail is long. The sad and at the same time wise look of St. Bernard will not leave anyone indifferent. Thanks to external and internal charisma, the St. Bernard breed has won millions of fans around the world. Saint Bernards are long-haired and short-haired.
Initially, there were only short-haired dogs, but in 1830, these dogs were crossed with Newfoundland. The result of this long-haired dog, our standard St. Bernard.
Saint Bernard’s color
Mantle. The head and back are bright red to light yellow. Chest, paws, tail tip, collar – white. Symmetrical mask on the face is desirable.
Spotted. The main color is white. The spots have a color from bright red to yellow. On the face are dark glasses and darkened ears.
The Saint Bernard breed does not live long – an average of 7-9 years.
Despite their enormous size and physical strength, St. Bernards are very mobile and hardy. They have an excellent sense of smell, a lot of energy and developed intuition – these are the qualities of St. Bernards that distinguish them from many other dog breeds.
The character of the St. Bernards
Saint Bernards are very faithful and loyal, deserve trust and love. It is believed that this is an ideal family dog. St. Bernards are especially appreciated in families with small children, because these dogs are like babysitters! Do not be afraid of the size of the animal, despite the awkwardness and impressive appearance, St. Bernards play very softly and patiently with children, allowing them to do anything. With other animals, St. Bernards also get along well.
These are very smart dogs that are highly trained. Just keep in mind that rudeness and cruelty is not suitable as the main method of teaching St. Bernards. Saint Bernard is a very intelligent, thoughtful, kind and flexible four-legged companion of man. They respond to goodness and justice, always reciprocate.
St. Bernard is not prone to aggression, but this does not mean that these dogs will not protect the owner if necessary. The St. Bernard breed is a family dog that must live side by side with a person in order to feel like a real member of the family. These dogs do not tolerate loneliness.
St. Bernard Care
Before buying a St. Bernard puppy, first consider whether you have a place and time for it. Do not keep St. Bernard in a booth, this is a dog for the family, not a guard in the yard. St. Bernard does not need any special care.
Everything is standard: comb once a week, and during molting every day, bathe with mild shampoo, clean your ears, wipe your eyes, and after eating it is advisable to wipe your face.
St. Bernard does not need large physical exertion, it is better to organize measured long walks. There is no need to walk on the street for a long time in hot weather – St. Bernards are prone to overheating. Feeding Saint Bernard People who first saw Saint Bernard think these dogs eat a bucket of food per day. This is actually not the case. Of course, St. Bernards can be trained, there is so much – if the child is overfeeding the dog, but for this breed it is bad. On average, St. Bernards eat 1.5 liters per day, dry food should be given based on the dose on the package.
St. Bernard’s disease
Large and heavy St. Bernards often suffer from the following diseases:
dysplasia of the hip joint and elbow joint;
dislocation of the patella;
rupture of the skull of the cruciate ligament;
inversion of the eyelids;
When choosing a St. Bernard breed, remember that the health of its ancestors is a guarantee that your pet does not inherit many diseases that are transmitted from generation to generation. Before buying a St. Bernard, make sure that his parents, grandparents have good genetics.